I could not feature differentiation and literacy all month long without a mention or two of The Daily 5. I chose this post from Setting Up for Second because it is so visual and detailed that even novices would be able to replicate the materials and format by reading this classroom/lesson description.
So many aspects of this structure allow students to learn in their own ways. For example, students have choices throughout the process of a Daily 5 lesson and they can select from a wide range of materials as they read write. Further, the clear directions highlighted in this post, allow students who can work more independently to do so.